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The complete guide to ransomware


Types of ransomware

Ransomware has multiple types that malicious actors use to extort ransoms. The traditional types are crypto and locker. Two newer types — double extortion and ransomware as a service — have been gaining popularity among malicious actors.

  • Locker blocks access to computers, and attackers require payment to unlock access.
  • Crypto encrypts all or some files on a computer, and attackers require payment before handing over a decryption key.
  • Double extortion occurs when cybercriminals demand one payment to decrypt the files and another not to make them public.
  • Ransomware as a service (RaaS) occurs when cybercriminals can access malicious code for a fee.

Ransomware is often known Read our detailed history of ransomware strains.


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