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Cervix Disorders



The cervix is the lower part of the uterus, the place where a baby grows during pregnancy. The cervix has a small opening that expands during childbirth. It also allows menstrual blood to leave a woman's body.

Your healthcare provider may perform a Pap test during your health checkup to look for changes to the cells of the cervix, including cervical cancer. Other problems with the cervix include:

  • Cervicitis: inflammation of the cervix
  • Cervical incompetence: widening of the cervical opening during pregnancy long before the baby is due
  • Cervical polyps and cysts: abnormal growths on the cervix




Page last updated on 01 January 2012 Topic last reviewed 02 January 2012