|Generic Name||Brand Name|
This medicine is usually used to reduce high blood pressure, but it is often combined with stimulants for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
It is not known exactly how this medicine works when used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It appears to affect the body's production of norepinephrine, a brain chemical that helps control moods.
This medicine is useful in treating children who have ADHD, especially those who have repetitive muscle movements (tics) or significant problems controlling their impulses and aggression.
A combination of clonidine and methylphenidate (a stimulant, such as Concerta or Ritalin) has helped some children with difficult behavioural problems.
Research has shown that when clonidine is used with a stimulant medicine, it reduces aggressive and disruptive behaviour.1
Clonidine seems to improve symptoms in some people who have ADHD, especially those with symptoms of frustration, extreme hyperactivity, and aggressiveness. It is also used for children with ADHD and tic disorders.
The most common side effects of clonidine is drowsiness and dizziness. But these symptoms seem to go away after a few weeks of treatment. No serious side effects have been associated with this medicine, and changes in blood pressure are minimal.
Very rare side effects of clonidine include depression and irregular heartbeat.
See Drug Reference for a full list of side effects. (Drug Reference is not available in all systems.)
Clonidine is not given to people who have heart or blood vessel diseases.
Last Revised: April 10, 2012
Author: Healthwise Staff
This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.