|Generic Name||Brand Name|
Antispasmodics relax the smooth muscles of the gut, helping to prevent or relieve painful cramping spasms in the intestines. These medicines can be taken as needed for cramps. They can also be taken 30 to 45 minutes before meals that you expect might cause symptoms or when symptoms would be inconvenient or bothersome.
Antispasmodics are used to relieve cramps or spasms of the stomach, intestines, or bladder.
Some studies suggest that antispasmodics improve symptoms of IBS and reduce pain. But studies on antispasmodics available in the United States have been less promising. Some studies show a benefit and some don't.1
Side effects may include drowsiness, dry mouth, blurred vision, or an inability to urinate. Antispasmodics may make constipation—often a main symptom of IBS—worse.
See Drug Reference for a full list of side effects. (Drug Reference is not available in all systems.)
If constipation is your main symptom, antispasmodics may not work for you. In some cases, use of antispasmodics can make constipation worse.
If you are pregnant, ask your doctor about taking antispasmodics. Some studies have suggested that some antispasmodics can increase the heartbeat of a fetus, and that some are related to birth defects, though they have not been proven to cause these defects.
Last Revised: April 14, 2012
Author: Healthwise Staff
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