Arachnoiditis

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Arachnoiditis

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Arachnoiditis is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Arachnitis
  • Cerebral Arachnoiditis
  • Chronic Adhesive Arachnoiditis
  • Serous Circumscribed Meningitis
  • Spinal Arachnoiditis

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Adhesive Arachnoiditis
  • Arachnoiditis Ossificans
  • Spinal Ossifying Arachnoiditis
  • Neoplastic Arachnoiditis
  • Optochiasmatic Arachnoiditis
  • Postmyelographic Arachnoiditis
  • Rhinosinusogenic Cerebral Arachnoiditis

General Discussion

Arachnoiditis is a general term for several progressive regional disorders all of which result in the inflammation of parts of the middle membrane surrounding the spinal cord and brain (arachnoid membrane) and the space defined by this membrane (subarachnoid space). Either the spinal cord or the brain may be involved; in some cases, both are affected. This disorder can also be associated with meningitis. The condition may be caused by foreign agents such as anesthesia drugs or testing dyes injected into the spine or arachnoid membrane.

Since the subarachnoid space is continuous, it would be expected that a noxious agent introduced in one place would distribute itself throughout the space. However, such is not the case. The lower spinal roots and/or the spinal cord may be affected, while regions close by remain free of inflammation; hence, the term "spinal arachnoiditis". Similarly, the optic nerve and optic chiasm (crossing of nerve fibers) may be affected, giving rise to the term "opticochiasmatic arachnoiditis".

Resources

American Syringomyelia & Chiari Alliance Project
P.O. Box 1586
Longview, TX 75606-1586
Tel: (903)236-7079
Fax: (903)757-7456
Tel: (800)272-7282
Email: info@asap.org
Internet: http://www.asap.org

Spinal Cord Society
19051 County Hwy. 1
Fergus Falls, MN 56537
USA
Tel: (218)739-5252
Fax: (218)739-5262
Email: scs-nc@nc.rr.com
Internet: http://www.spinalcordsociety.com

Academy of Spinal Cord Injury Professionals, Inc.
206 South Sixth Street
Springfield, IL 62701
USA
Tel: (217)753-1190
Fax: (217)525-1271
Email: toms@pva.org
Internet: http://www.ascipro.org/

National Spinal Cord Injury Association
1 Church Street
Suite 600
Rockville, MD 20850
USA
Tel: (301)214-4006
Fax: (866)387-2196
Tel: (800)962-9629
Email: info@spinalcord.org
Internet: http://www.spinalcord.org

NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Email: me20t@nih.gov
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

Canadian Syringomyelia Network
69 Penny Crescent
Markham
Ontario, L3P 5X7
Canada
Tel: (905) 471-8278
Fax: (905) 944-4844
Email: barb@csn.ca
Internet: http://www.csn.ca

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/EmailForm.aspx
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  2/7/2008
Copyright  1988, 1990, 2000 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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