High Cholesterol: Eating Fish and Fish Oil

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High Cholesterol: Eating Fish and Fish Oil

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Eating fish, at least 2 servings each week, is part of a heart-healthy diet. Some people take fish oil supplements to help lower triglycerides. Fish oil supplements can lower triglycerides but do not help lower cholesterol.

Fish

Eating fish may help lower your risk of heart disease. Health Canada recommends that healthy adults eat at least 2 servings of fish a week. Oily fish, which contain omega-3 fatty acids, are best for your heart. These fish include tuna, salmon, mackerel, lake trout, herring, and sardines.

Health Canada recommends that women who may become pregnant, pregnant women, and nursing mothers should only eat 2 servings a month of fresh or frozen tuna, shark, swordfish, marlin, orange roughy, and escolar, because these fish have higher mercury concentrations. Children should only eat 1 to 2 servings of these fish per month, depending on their age. But for middle-aged and older people, the protection that fish gives the heart outweighs the risks of eating these fish. Eating a variety of fish may reduce the amount of mercury you eat.

Fish oil

Fish oil capsules that you can buy without a prescription can have significant side effects. Because of these side effects, many doctors recommend eating 2 servings of fish a week rather than taking fish oil capsules. The side effects of fish oil capsules include:

  • Large amounts of omega-3 fatty acids (the main type of fatty acid in fish oil) can greatly reduce the ability of the blood to clot normally.
  • Fish oil can cause nausea, diarrhea, belching, and a fishy taste in the mouth.
  • Taking large amounts of fish oil greatly increases the number of calories in the diet. Some suggested doses add more than 200 calories a day.

Related Information

Credits

By Healthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Primary Medical Reviewer Brian D. O'Brien, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Carl Orringer, MD - Cardiology, Clinical Lipidology
Last Revised October 19, 2010

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