Osteoarthritis of the AC joint in the shoulder is common in middle-aged or older adults. This video explains how this condition develops and how you can minimize its effects.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee can be injured during sporting activities, particularly when an athlete pivots suddenly. The ACL is one of four knee ligaments that stabilize the knee. This video discusses how the knee works and what you should do if you sustain an ACL injury.
Arthritis refers to a group of disorders that involve the body’s joints and have similar symptoms, including pain, stiffness, and swelling. Learn about the different types of arthritis and their treatment.
The most common form of arthritis affecting the ankle is osteoarthritis. It can be caused by injury or by long-term wear and tear. Take a look at this condition and how it is treated, including surgery to replace the ankle joint.
Atherosclerosis refers to the hardening and narrowing of arteries caused by a slow buildup of plaque on the artery walls. Narrowed arteries restrict blood flow, and small clots can form and partially or completely block an artery. In this video, you'll find out how atherosclerosis develops and what you can do to prevent it.
Bursitis is an inflammation of a closed sac of fluid located near the joints called a bursa. When the bursa becomes inflamed, it causes joint pain and swelling. Learn about the causes and treatment of bursitis, as well as what you can do to help prevent its recurrence.
A cataract is a clouding of the natural lens within the eye that often occurs as a person ages. Although many cataracts develop without a known cause, long-term steroid use and diabetes are risk factors. Watch this video to find out what you can expect if you develop a cataract.
Your neck is the upper or cervical part of your spine, a column of 33 bones called vertebrae. Cervical arthritis is a condition that occurs when the cartilage and vertebrae in the neck wear abnormally. This video explains how the condition develops and what treatments are available.
Arthritis in the small joint at the base of the thumb—the CMC joint—is a condition that can affect both strength and function of the hand. The condition is most common in women older than 40 and often affects both hands. In this video, you'll find out how this arthritis develops and the recommended treatment.
Updated with new animations, this program explains how insulin resistance can lead to pre-diabetes and then to Type 2 Diabetes. A straightforward explanation of risk factors along with signs and symptoms and complications encourages the viewer to start thinking about lifestyle changes.
Diverticuli are herniations in the muscular layer of the colon that produce small, saclike swellings. Diverticulitis occurs when diverticuli become inflamed and infected. This video examines the possible causes of this condition, typical symptoms, and available treatments.
Diverticulosis occurs when part of the colon bulges through a muscular layer into the abdomen, called diverticula. Learn about this condition, possible complications, and what you should do if you have diverticulosis.
An upper endoscopy (EGD) allows a doctor to visualize your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, or the upper part of your small intestine. EGD uses a special tube to help diagnose illnesses such as acid reflux or peptic ulcer disease. In this video, you'll learn what you might experience during the actual procedure, as well as its benefits, and any potential risks.
When the cartilage in the elbow wears or is damaged, osteoarthritis can develop. This damage may be due to injury or advancing age. Learn more about osteoarthritis of the elbow and when replacement surgery may be advised.
ERCP stands for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, a diagnostic procedure used to evaluate problems of the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas. The procedure combines the use of X-rays and an endoscope. This video explains how this procedure works and when it is warranted.
Sigmoidoscopy allows a doctor to examine the lower portion of your colon using a thin tube. It may be used to help diagnose certain intestinal problems that can cause symptoms such as constipation or diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Abnormal growths may also be detected. This video describes a sigmoidoscopy and how it may inform you about your colorectal health.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is more commonly known as acid indigestion or heartburn. It is a burning feeling behind the breastbone. This video takes a look at the possible causes of GERD, typical symptoms, and when treatment is warranted.
When the hip joint is injured or develops arthritis, hip replacement surgery may be recommended. This video takes a closer look at hip arthritis and what to expect during hip replacement surgery.
A hip fracture occurs when the hip bone cracks or breaks. Hear about how a hip fracture is treated and what steps you can take to prevent it.
Hip pain can be caused by an injury, a fracture, a tumor, or a disease such as osteoarthritis that affects the hip joint. This video explains other possible causes of hip pain and what you can do to cope.
Artificial hip joints have become quite common in recent years. Over time, however, some hip implants may loosen or otherwise need to be repaired. This video takes a look at hip revision surgery.
Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force at which blood flows through the large blood vessels from the heart. When blood pressure is high over a period of time, it can lead to health problems, including stroke. This video offers details about blood pressure, its importance to health, and what you can do to keep yours normal.
If the bones and tissue in your upper arm are improperly aligned, you have impingement syndrome. This condition is often a precondition for many common shoulder ailments, including bursitis, tendonitis, and arthritis. This video explains the possible causes and recommended treatment.
Each winter, millions of people suffer from influenza—the flu. The flu virus infects the nose, throat, and lungs, and spreads from person to person through coughs and sneezes. The video explains why a flu shot is important to help prevent this illness, which can be life-threatening in older adults.
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis that affects the knee. In this condition, the slippery cartilage that covers the ends of bones in knee joint wears down. This video also explores a treatment option called a fixed knee replacement.
Arthritis comes in many forms, several of which can affect the knee. When the cartilage in the knee wears out or is damaged by arthritis, your doctor may recommend an artificial knee joint. This video explains knee replacement surgery.
Acute low back pain usually results from an injury or an accident and lasts less than a week. Chronic low back pain may last for more than three months. This video looks at how to manage back pain.
A low back or lumbar sprain is one of the most common causes of pain in the lower back. It occurs when the back muscles in that area are stretched abnormally or torn. This video discusses the possible causes and what you can do to prevent it.
Your lumbar spine, or low back, is made of five vertebrae separated by cushioning disks of cartilage. Degenerative conditions or trauma can damage a disk, allowing the material inside to bulge into the spinal canal. This video discusses the effects of this bulging or herniated disk.
The vertebrae in your spine are cushioned by soft disks. When one of the disks in your lower back or lumbar area ruptures, the result can be pain, numbness, or weakness in the lower back, buttocks, and legs. In this video, you'll learn the possible causes and recommended treatment.
This type of arthritis affects the lower back and pelvic area, causing pain, inflammation, and loss of motion. This video explains how this arthritis develops, who's at risk, and what treatments are available.
The large joints on your hand at the base of the fingers are called MCP (metacarpophalangeal) joints. Over time, arthritis can damage these joints, causing pain. If other treatment options don't relieve the pain, your doctor may suggest artificial joints. This video discusses what to expect during MCP replacement surgery.
Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that add strength and give stability to a joint. The medial and lateral collateral ligaments of the knee can be damaged when the knee is hit on the outer side, as can occur in football or hockey. This video looks at how these injuries are treated and what can be done to prevent them.
Knee injuries are common problems—and not just in athletes. Oftentimes, the cartilage, called the meniscus, is to blame. The meniscus can be damaged when you twist your upper leg while keeping your foot in one place. Watch this video to learn how meniscal injuries are treated and how you can prevent them.
Osteoarthritis most commonly affects the knees, hips, spine, and other weight-bearing joints in the body. Sometimes called the "wear and tear" arthritis, advancing age is a risk factor, but so are obesity and severe injury to the joint. This video discusses the symptoms, treatment, and steps you can take to minimize pain from osteoarthritis.
This disease affects the blood supply of the bone and leads to the breakdown of the hip joint. It can be caused by a hip dislocation or certain medical conditions. This video explores other causes, as well as recommended treatment.
You may feel your kneecap slide out of place sometimes when you bend down. It might slip entirely out of place, or maybe it just seems to give out more than you think it used to. This video explains what can happen to the kneecap and how arthritis can affect it.
Arthritis can occur in the hands, affecting the finger knuckles (the PIP joints) and the end joints of the fingers (the DIP joints). This video discusses the possible causes, symptoms, and recommended treatment of this type of arthritis.
Pneumococcal disease is a serious infection that affects the lungs, as well as other parts of the body. You can protect yourself against this illness by getting a vaccination. This video talks about who should get this shot and why this illness can be life-threatening.
Bursitis of the knee—also called "housemaid's knee"—is caused when the bursa that surrounds the kneecap swells. In this video, you will find out the causes of this condition, as well as what you can do to prevent it.
Wheelchair cushions are designed to prevent pressure sores, as well as to maintain pelvic and spinal alignment, and a stable posture. These cushions redistribute the pressure away from at-risk areas. This video explains how to choose a cushion that meets your specific needs.
If you use a wheelchair, it's important to take steps to prevent pressure sores. When you sit, blood flow is restricted because skin tissue is pressed between bone and a firm surface, and a pressure sore may develop. This video discusses preventive measures and symptoms to watch for.
A pressure ulcer is a sore that results from the death of the skin and its underlying tissue in areas of the body that receive pressure. This occurs when a patient sits or lies still for long periods. This video describes how pressure ulcers develop, what treatment is available, and how they can be prevented.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in the United States. One in five men will have a diagnosis of prostate cancer in his lifetime. In this video, you'll find out about diagnostic tests available, as well as recommended treatments.
The tendons of four muscles in the upper arm form the rotator cuff, blending together to help stabilize the shoulder. The rotator cuff tendons allow you to raise and rotate your arm. This video discusses what happens when these tendons are damaged.
Having shoulder pain or problems lifting your arms over your head? You may have tendonitis or a tear in the muscles and tendons that hold your shoulder in place, called the rotator cuff. This video explains symptoms of this syndrome, possible treatments, and ways you can prevent shoulder injuries.
Although used less commonly than knee or hip replacement, shoulder replacement surgery removes diseased or damaged bone in the shoulder and replaces it with an artificial joint. If arthritis pain is unrelieved by other methods, you may need replacement surgery. Learn how the shoulder works and what to expect in replacement surgery.
Maybe you were tackled in a weekend football game and felt your shoulder give way in a burst of pain. Or perhaps you have noticed over time that, in certain positions, your shoulder just doesn’t feel "solid." Watch this video to find out what happens when your shoulder is unstable or becomes dislocated.
Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spinal canal narrows and pinches the nerves, resulting in back and leg pain. Spinal stenosis often occurs in older adults, although younger people who are born with a small spinal canal may also develop symptoms. This video explains the condition and what treatments are recommended.
Tennis elbow is the term for a painful condition that causes pain and tenderness in the bony bump on the outer part of the elbow. This video discusses the possible causes and what you can do to prevent it.
Degenerative changes or injury to the knee can cause pain, swelling, and immobility. When knee pain affects your quality of life, you may be a candidate for total knee replacement. In this video, you will learn about knee replacement surgery, its benefits, and its potential risks.
Trochanteric bursitis is a condition affecting the side of the hip. This condition usually affects middle-aged or elderly adults, and women more often than men. This video looks at the causes of this bursitis and what steps you can take to prevent it.
The two most common types of arthritis that affect the wrist are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. When other forms of treatment don't relieve the pain of your wrist arthritis, your doctor may recommend an artificial joint. This video discusses what to expect during wrist replacement surgery.
Your wrist is a complex joint made up of many bones, allowing you to move your hand up and down, and side to side, as well as to rotate. A fracture can occur in any of these bones when enough force is applied—when you fall on an outstretched hand, for example. In this video, you'll find out other causes, as well as how a wrist fracture is treated.