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A New York hospital was able to reduce the incidence of medical device-related pressure injuries (MDRPIs) following a tracheostomy to zero for four years, according to a study published in AACN Advanced Critical Care.
“Reducing Tracheostomy Medical Device-Related Pressure Injury: A Quality Improvement Project” details how NewYork-Presbyterian Westchester, Bronxville, achieved the results in its 18-bed adult intensive care unit (ICU), in part by integrating MDRPI prevention into the bedside procedure for tracheostomies that used the percutaneous dilation technique (PDT).
The intervention used evidence-based resources from the Preventing Pressure Injuries Toolkit supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
A key part of the new clinical process was a revised PDT tracheostomy procedural kit and documentation, with a polyurethane foam dressing placed under the tracheostomy flange during insertion and both secured with sutures and a flexible holder. The foam dressing remained in place for seven days, with primary care nurses assessing the site at least every 12 hours. The dressing was then changed to a standard nonwoven gauze drain sponge after seven to 10 days as clinically indicated.
The results showed that suturing a foam dressing as part of PDT tracheostomy insertion can reduce the incidence of associated MDRPIs.
The authors are Hazel Holder, DNP, MSN, RN, ACCNS-AG, CCRN, and Brittany “Ray” Gannon, Ph.D., MSN, AGPCNP-BC. Holder is a critical care clinical nurse specialist, NewYork-Presbyterian Westchester, and Gannon is a nurse scientist at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, New York City.
“When COVID-19 increased demand for health care equipment, we were able to refine our processes, transition to a revised PDT tracheostomy kit and maintain the integrity of the initiative,” Holder said. “We took a multidisciplinary approach that engaged all related specialties, with surgical site assessment and any clinician concerns discussed during daily rounds.”
Prior to the initiative, in 2018, the incidence of healthcare-associated pressure injuries (HAPIs) was 1.39% for all ICU patients, with tracheostomy MDRPIs accounting for 0.19% of the incidents (15 HAPIs, including two MDRPIs in 1,077 patients). However, of the two PDT tracheostomies performed, both patients experienced MDRPIs.
In 2019, the overall HAPI incidence decreased to 1.30%, with nine tracheostomies and no MDRPIs. The tracheostomy MDRPI incidence remained at zero for the next three years.
During the four years of this project, a total of 22 PDT tracheostomies were performed in the ICU, with the foam dressing placed at the point of insertion in all procedures.
The project was conducted in tandem with another unit-based program to address the overall rate of unit-acquired HAPIs, which may have contributed to increased vigilance.
Hazel Holder et al, Reducing Tracheostomy Medical Device-Related Pressure Injury: A Quality Improvement Project, AACN Advanced Critical Care (2022). DOI: 10.4037/aacnacc2022874
American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)
Initiative prevents tracheostomy-related pressure injuries (2023, February 13)
retrieved 13 February 2023
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