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Coverage and Determinants of Postnatal Care
Postnatal care is a critical aspect of maternal and child healthcare, ensuring the well-being of both the mother and the newborn. In Nigeria, however, the coverage and determinants of postnatal care have been a subject of concern. This article presents the findings of a pediatric investigation study conducted to assess the coverage and determinants of postnatal care in Nigeria.
The study was conducted among a representative sample of pediatric patients and their mothers across various healthcare facilities in Nigeria. Data was collected through structured interviews and medical record reviews. The study focused on determining the coverage of postnatal care services and identifying the factors influencing its utilization.
The study revealed that the coverage of postnatal care in Nigeria is suboptimal. Only a small proportion of mothers and newborns receive the recommended postnatal care within the first 48 hours after delivery. The determinants of postnatal care utilization were found to be multifactorial, including socio-demographic factors, maternal education, household income, and access to healthcare facilities.
The low coverage of postnatal care in Nigeria has significant implications for maternal and child health outcomes. Lack of adequate postnatal care can lead to increased maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. It is crucial to address the determinants of postnatal care utilization to improve coverage and ensure the well-being of mothers and newborns.
Based on the study findings, several recommendations can be made to improve the coverage and determinants of postnatal care in Nigeria:
- Enhance awareness and education about the importance of postnatal care among mothers, families, and communities.
- Improve access to healthcare facilities, particularly in rural and underserved areas.
- Strengthen the healthcare system by providing adequate resources, trained healthcare professionals, and necessary equipment for postnatal care.
- Implement policies and interventions to address socio-economic disparities and promote equity in postnatal care utilization.
- Collaborate with relevant stakeholders, including government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and community leaders, to support and promote postnatal care services.
The findings of this pediatric investigation study highlight the need to improve the coverage and determinants of postnatal care in Nigeria. By addressing the identified factors and implementing the recommended strategies, it is possible to enhance postnatal care utilization and ultimately improve maternal and child health outcomes in the country.